This story was produced by The Hechinger Report, a nonprofit, independent news organization focused on inequality and innovation in education.
Mississippi is one of only five states in the country to meet all ten quality standards for public preschool, according to a new report by The National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER). Only one of Louisiana’s three state-funded programs met all the standards.
To determine the quality and availability of state-funded preschool, “The State of Preschool 2016” looked at access to public pre-K, enrollment, and quality benchmarks such as the educational level required of preschool teachers, class size and learning standards for every state, the District of Columbia and Guam. Nearly 1.5 million students in the nation attend state-funded pre-K, although enrollment, funding and quality vary greatly by state. Six states, including Utah, Wyoming and Montana, do not offer public pre-K.
Mississippi has one of the newest public pre-K programs in the country; the state served just 1 percent of 3-year-olds and 4 percent of 4-year-olds in 2016. Nationwide, states serve an average of 5 percent of 3-year-olds and 32 percent of 4-year-olds. Mississippi’s state spending per child was far lower than the national average of $4,976 in 2016, at $1,787 per child, a $6 increase in state spending from 2015. Private individual donors or corporations donated about $1.6 million in additional funds to the state’s pre-K programs last year.
Although the state ranks low on spending and access, Mississippi meets all ten of NIEER’s current quality benchmarks. The state has comprehensive early learning and development standards, requires a BA for public preschool teachers, and the class size for 3- and 4-year-olds is limited to 20 students or less.
Data released by the state Department of Education in January found that kindergarten students who attended public and private pre-K scored higher on average on the state Kindergarten Readiness Assessment than their peers who did not attend pre-K.
The percentage of white students enrolled in Mississippi’s public schools decreased by 2 percentage points between 2004 and 2014, according to a new federal report. The Condition of Education 2017 also found that Louisiana and Mississippi receive a higher percentage of revenue from federal sources than all other states, at 15 percent, and only Mississippi and the District of Columbia saw an increase in average fourth-grade math scores on the National Assessment of Educational Progress between 2013 and 2015.
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